Author Archives: Donald Collins

What Hair Removal Laser Is Right For Me?

First of all, what is a laser?

Trained in laser safety and tattoo removal Sydney, clients receive professional, specialised treatment to remove or fade their tattoos. A laser is a device that produces light of a single color or wavelength. In dermatology, these lasers produce pulses of high-energy light that is taken up by the desired target. In the case of hair removal, the target is the melanin pigment contained within the hair shaft. The tricky part of laser hair removal is targeting the hair shaft without damaging the melanin pigment in the surface of the skin. Thus the laser light has to be on long enough to heat the hair, but not too long to allow that heat to spread to the surrounding skin causing damage.

What laser is right for me?

The right laser for an individual patient depends upon the thickness of the hair and the patient’s skin type. Some lasers are faster than others, so for treating very large surface areas one may choose a laser that is able to treat large areas in a reasonable period of time.

In addition, if the hair on an individual patient becomes thinner and less dense following laser treatments, I often switch lasers to accommodate the change in the hair type and texture. There are a number of parameters that can be selected on a given laser. While each laser gives a unique color, or wavelength of light, other settings such as the energy, and how long the light stays on (the pulse duration) can be selected by the user. Because there are a number of settings which can be chosen during a treatment session, it is very important to have an experienced laser operater who understands how lasers work and the risks and benefits of various settings.

Is laser different for people with darker or tanned skin?

In my opinion, very dark skinned patients often do better with the Nd:YAG laser, while lighter skinned patients may respond better to the diode or alexandrite lasers.

Lasering people with dark skin is much more tricky than lasering people with light skin. However, the hair must be dark in order to be ‘seen’ by the laser. Lasers are absorbed by the pigmentation in the hair shaft which produces heat that then results in inflammation which sends a signal to the hair to go into a long-term resting period. The ideal laser patient that would be easiest to treat and respond best would be someone with very light skin and dark hair. However, people have all different degrees of skin and hair pigmentation.

The trick with laser hair removal is to avoid injuring the surface of the skin where the melanin pigment lives, while effecting the pigmentation in the hair shaft. The problem is, your skin and hair don’t know whether they are supposed to absorb the laser light or not. Therefore, any dark pigmentation will absorb most forms of laser light. Certain lasers are somewhat less ‘noticed’ by epidermal melanin pigment. The laser that is most commonly used on very dark skin would be the Nd:YAG laser. This laser has the longest wavelength of any of the hair removal lasers, and thus is less absorbed by melanin pigmentation over-all. Because is it less absorbed by the melanin pigment in the surface of the skin, it runs less of a risk of injuring the surface of the skin.

It’s important that before any cosmetic procedure you contact your personal physician to discuss whether a particular treatment may be right for you. Make sure you consult your physician first prior to treatment.

Eric F. Bernstein, MD, is a distinguished practitioner, researcher and innovator in the fields of dermatology and laser surgery. He received his BS from Duke University and MD from the Yale University School of Medicine. Dr. Bernstein holds several U.S. and international patents, has authored over 40 peer-reviewed articles, and has given more than 150 presentations at scientific meetings. He is the Chairman of the Board for the [http://www.hairremovaljournal.org]

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4 Tips On How To Have A Great Experience With Waste Bins

In contrast as a result another thing in rubbish removal Northern Beaches is friendly staff have many years of experience in both removals and rubbish removal. Do you have waste bins in your home or place of work? Here are tips that will be of great help to you:

Avoid dumping food waste in the bins

Most people don’t like cleaning their bins and I’m sure you also don’t like it. Cleaning becomes necessary when there are spills, sloshes and messes in the bins. If you don’t want to clean your bins take measures that will prevent the messes from happening.

One of the ways of going about it is avoiding dumping food materials in the bins. You should use a compost pile instead of waste bins. If you have food materials that must be placed in the bins such as meat trimmings, double bag them to avoid making a mess.

Get rid of waste bin odours

Even when covered, waste bins tend to give a bad smell. This is common if you have stayed for long without emptying them. Trash odour not only gives your home a bad look, it also makes the home uncomfortable. One of the ways of preventing the odour is sprinkling baking soda in the trash bin. If you don’t have baking soda, use kitty litter and dryer sheets. You can also get creative and use any other materials that work for you.

Drill holes in the bins to drain water

Many people will feel that drilling holes in the bins would be damaging them, but it’s not. The holes make it easy for you to wash out the insides of the bins without dumping the dirty water out. The holes also come in handy as they allow rainwater to drain out if the waste bin has been rained in. After the city has taken the trash, you will require to only rinse the bins with an outdoor hose.

Never keep trash longer than you should

In addition to foul smell and filling your yard, keeping trash longer than you should puts you at the risk of diseases as plenty of trash tends to attract insects. To avoid keeping trash longer than you should, ensure that you never miss a trash day. You should set an alarm to remind you to take out your trash during the trash day. If you miss taking out the trash, you should consider taking the trash to the city dump by yourself.

Conclusion

The condition of the trash bins determines the experience that you have. For a great experience, use high quality bins.

For a great experience you need to use the right size of waste bin for your needs. We have many bin sizes such as 120L Waste Bins if you don’t have a lot of trash. If you have plenty of trash we have the 240L Waste Containers. Visit our links to know more.

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Top Ten Reasons to Go to College Online

Business courses Sydney prepare our students with the academic rigour, applicable learning, and creative problem-solving skills they will need when applying their theoretical learning to life. If you have been thinking about going to college to earn your degree, you are not alone. However, like many of us you may have obstacles you feel are holding you back. There are many reasons that people decide to go back to school to earn a degree, and earning an online accredited college degree could be the best choice you will ever make.

Persons holding a college degree earn substantially more than those who do not have degrees. If you want to get ahead in your current career, or if you would like to start a new and more exciting career, having an accredited college degree could be your path to success.

Here are the top ten reasons to go to college online:

  1. Online accredited colleges typically allow students to work at their own pace. Therefore, you can earn your degree as quickly or slowly as your circumstances allow.
  2. Save on travel – you’ll save on gas, wear and tear on your car, and parking. With online degree programs you don’t have to travel to a campus location in order to attend classes, take exams, or turn in homework.
  3. Save on childcare – since you don’t have to travel to a campus classroom you don’t necessarily need childcare. Many working mothers, and single moms have found that they can study after their kids go to sleep at night, or while their kids are at various after school programs, sports practice, and the like.
  4. Save on books – in many cases all of the study materials for online courses are available online. Costly textbooks are often not required.
  5. Convenience – online degree options you study at anytime and from anywhere you have access to a computer with an Internet connection – 24/7.
  6. Online degree programs are available for nearly any subject or major in which you have an interest.
  7. Online accredited colleges often have top faculty members teaching the online courses, versus teaching assistants who often teach undergraduate courses in on-campus classroom situations. And they are using the exact same curriculum as the on-campus degree programs.
  8. No lost income – online degree programs offer the opportunity to hold down your current job while earning your degree. You don’t have to quit your job to attend daytime classes, or move to a different geographic location where your college or university is located.
  9. Student services – most accredited online colleges offer the same student services and community that are available on campus. For example, online students can utilize the same financial aid services, and career placement services that are available to the campus students.
  10. Employers have a high acceptance of online degrees. The online degree is becoming highly accepted in the workplace. In fact, many employers are willing to help pay tuition for these programs.

If you are considering earning your degree, think about accredited online college. You’ll be happy that you did.

Carrie Sommer is a frequent contributor to Online Degree News and Views [http://onlinedegreenewsandviews.com], where you may find much more information about accredited online degree programs.

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Outdoor Author Events: Prepare and Prosper

You may find a good Sydney picnic spots if you know every places in Australia. At some point, an author truly interested in promoting his or her books will have the possibility to attend an outdoor event. While most of these events are art fairs and book festivals, so it’s obvious they are outdoors, now and then an author might show up at a book signing only to be surprised that the bookstore wants him and fellow authors to be seated outside. Don’t let that surprised author be you.

First and foremost before you attend an event, you need to ask the event planner some key questions:

Is the event indoors or outdoors? If indoors, proceed as normal, showing up with a pen and books to sign. If outdoors, proceed to the next question.

Will there be any form of shelter? A bookstore owner might tell you that if it rains, then he’ll put you inside, but that’s not enough to know. Continue to ask questions.

Where outdoors? Will it be a sunny or a shady location, and

Will there be a tent? You’d be surprised how many bookstores plan outdoor events but don’t think to get a tent, or they are just too cheap to arrange for one.

Will tables and chairs be provided? If it’s outdoors, probably not. Vendors usually bring their own tables and chairs to events, although sometimes you can purchase them from the event planner for a small fee. A bookstore probably doesn’t want its furniture outside getting dirty, and if it invited more than one author, it won’t have enough tables and chairs for everyone, so be prepared to bring your own. You can usually find yourself a good folding table at a department or home improvement store. Make sure it’s sturdy, and bring some small blocks of wood in case you end up trying to set it up on a slight incline outside.

Once you know the event is outside, and you know what you’ll need to bring, you might also consider bringing a tablecloth-vinyl tablecloths can often be found that are colorful, and if it rains, they will not be soaked like the sheets most people use for outdoor events. Vinyl tablecloths can also be placed over books so they don’t get wet, while a sheet won’t solve that issue.

Speaking of rain, be prepared for the various elements that will be a threat to you and your books. Always check the weather forecast the morning of the event so you are not caught by surprise. Here are some tips for the various elements that can ruin your day if you’re not prepared:

Rain: Nothing is worse than having an event be rained out. Customers won’t come in the rain, your books could get ruined, and you will feel downright soggy and miserable. Your best protection against rain is to have your own tent, preferably a canopy tent that is relatively easy to set up and has four removable walls. Canopy tents can usually be found online or in most major retail stores.

Plan ahead so you will arrive in time to set up your tent and have time to take it down after the event. You may not want to leave all the walls up-they are easily removable usually, but it’s good to invest extra money in purchasing the walls-usually sold separately-so when the rain starts, you are protected. Books will actually withstand some rain and quickly dry, but do your best to keep them dry regardless. Also bring a tarp or something rain resistant to place on the ground and put your boxes on. If the ground gets wet, your cardboard boxes will get soggy and the bottoms will break, making them impossible for carrying your books home. Another option is to put all your books in plastic bins rather than boxes, but you still might want a tarp so your bins don’t get covered with mud and dirt.

If it does start to rain, don’t be surprised as well if festival-goers caught in the rain try to seek shelter in your tent-let them-you can use the downpour time to have their undivided attention and sell them your book; they might even feel obligated to buy since you gave them shelter.

Don’t forget to take care of yourself; if it looks like rain, bring a raincoat. Leave the umbrella at home-it’s impractical when you’re carrying books and taking apart a tent-but you’ll be grateful for the raincoat when the event is over, it’s still pouring, and you’re trying to load your car.

Wind: Rain is not your worst enemy at an outdoor event-wind is. Wind can come from any direction. It can blow standing books on display over and onto the ground. It will send business cards and brochures flying across the park, and it can be downright cold. If you didn’t buy a quality tent and stake it in properly, wind can also pick up your tent and throw it several feet, which could destroy all your displays and send your books, table, and maybe even yourself onto the ground. Wind is the primary reason why you want a tent with four removable walls so you can put up walls whichever way the wind is blowing. Be prepared to hang and snap that wall within a minute if the wind gets bad. Once your tent is four-walled and secure, offer to help the other vendors-it will help you and your books be noticed by others, and everyone appreciates a helping hand, especially in a crisis. As for paper items like brochures and business cards, put them in a see-through box for people to take, or find some small rocks you can place on top to hold them.

Heat and the Sun: If an event is outdoors, it’s probably summer, and that means it will be hot. The sun is an enemy to books as well because it will fade your book covers if it pounds on them too long, so keep your table and books in a shady place, preferably inside your tent. The heat and humidity can also make your book covers curl, but this situation shouldn’t be a real issue. Simply rotate the books you have on display or on the top of a stack, placing them under other books so the weight will flatten back the covers. If you are in a tent and it’s hot, you will bake, so remove one or two of your walls to let in some air, or just lower the wall partway. Hopefully, you can let in a little breeze while still being prepared for the unexpected wind gust or thunderstorm.

Don’t forget to take care of yourself. When it’s 90 degrees, it’s not the day to wear your character costume that weighs five pounds and will cause you to pass out from heat exhaustion. Be practical-shorts and a t-shirt are fine; no one will expect you to be formal at an outdoor event. Be sure to bring a hat to protect your head from sunburn, and put on sun lotion before you go. If it’s an all day event, bring sun lotion with you to reapply after a few hours. Be sure to bring some bottled water with you as well. Don’t allow yourself to become dehydrated.

Cold: The cold won’t really affect your books. And I doubt an outdoor event will be held in a season when it might snow, but be prepared to dress warmly. Check the forecast beforehand. You might wear shorts and a t-shirt, but bring along a pair of pants and a jacket in case you need them later. You might even want earmuffs or mittens if you fear the temperatures will get low enough. If you have a thermos, fill it with hot coffee, hot chocolate, or hot soup to help keep you warm.

Being outdoors can be fun, relaxing, and an overall feel-good experience. An outdoor event attracts the attention of passersby, and it allows people to shop while feeling more relaxed and enjoying the great outdoors. But as with any event, something could go wrong. Be prepared to protect yourself and your books from the elements and to be as comfortable as possible; you want to be in a good mood rather than worrying about the weather, so you can engage your customers and make a sale.

Irene Watson is the Managing Editor of Reader Views, http://www.readerviews.com, where avid readers can find reviews of recently published books as well as read interviews with authors. Her team also provides author publicity and a variety of other services specific to writing and publishing books.

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Pilates In The Barn

Massage Northern Beaches will make sure you are still in good condition after they massage you. I have come to believe that behind every young, fit, successful, equestrian athlete there is a slightly-bloated, middle-aged, under-employed, suburban housewife with a mousy brown short hair cut and 125,000 miles on her odometer. Yeah, there are Horse Show Moms that look fresh and happy and fit but that’s not what I was seeing in the mirror.

After years of driving our youngest daughter to the barn every day (and still trying to keep the rest of the family fed and supplied with clean socks and underwear), I was worn out and I looked it. Something had to change.

For me, change came when my husband sat me down at the kitchen table and said, “I want my wife back. “I wasn’t sure if he was referring to the fact that I was never home or that I was no longer the slender, funny and energetic girl he had married.

Either way. . . ouch!

Then he said, “If we are going to continue encouraging our daughter’s addiction to horse riding we need to include the needs of you, me and the rest of the family. And we will do it with before tax dollars which means we do it as a real business.

“Since that day, I have learned that our conversation is not unique. It happens at kitchen tables and in the parking lots of horse barns all across the country. It usually starts with something like, “That horse cost how much? Who do you think I am, Michael Bloomberg!

“The strategy we chose to meet the “before tax dollar” dictum was to purchase a small horse boarding facility near our home. Our trainer, Mariano Bedoya, helped guide us through the process and he helped us recruit our barn manager, Jorge Viton, from Wellington, Florida.

Owning a barn is a lot of work but it has also become a place that the entire family can enjoy. Our youngest daughter is enjoying her rides more than ever, the older girls are promoting our facility by taking lots of photographs and posting them on Facebook, the boys are willing to do chores as long as they involve a tractor, ATV or power tool and my husband even has an “office” filled with a new drill press for making jumps and an assortment of fishing poles.

But the best part of our barn, to me, is the brand new Pilates Reformer Studio. When we bought our barn, I insisted that we include space for a small Pilates Reformer Studio. I was initially seduced by Pilates while recovering from a knee surgery, years earlier. It looked elegant and safe and easy. Easy? Ha! As the trainer guided my every move, I learned the beautiful and challenging nuances of proper, effective Pilates work. There were many days when I told her, “There is absolutely no way that I can do that move correctly,” but I ended up blushing like a little girl in my first pony class when “I did it!”I was transformed through Pilates and believe that it is the perfect on site program for my daughter and the other serious equestrian athletes in our barn. With the proper instruction and supervision, it is possible to experience strengthening and lengthening and balance without pain.

Pilates teaches you how to quiet down and listen to your body and respect the movement of the equipment. Can you imagine a more perfect training for riders? Our Pilates trainer does not have specific experience in training equestrian athletes so we are counting on Dressage Rider and Trainer Betsy Steiner to host regular clinics, throughout the year, at our barn. Betsy helped coin the term, “Equilates,” and is the author of the book entitled A Gymnastic Riding System – Using Mind, Body, & Spirit.

I will always love sitting in the viewing room, watching our daughter train. It gives me true joy. But with a Pilates Studio on site, I look forward to a more balanced and fit life for this Horse Show Mom, too.

Six Principles of Pilates

Pilates is a series of controlled thought-filled movements usually performed on specially designed spring-resistant exercise equipment. It is focused on improving flexibility, core strength and body awareness. In the book The Pilates Method of Physical and Mental Conditioning, six “Principles of Pilates” are described. The list below applies those principles to the unique challenges of the equestrian athlete.

1. Concentration!
Pilates trains the body and the mind. Just like riding, one must be habitually “ever present” in mind and body, to be successful and safe.

2. Control!
The original name for the Pilates exercise method was “Contrology”. The exercises are all about staying collected. In Pilates, and riding, one perfectly executed exercise is better than 100 poorly executed.

3. Centering!
All physical moves spring from our core. When the core is engaged posture is better, the rider’s seat is deepened and the chance of injury is reduced.

4. Flow!
Pilates and riding are all about fluidity, grace and ease. Pilates equipment, and a horse, are very good mirrors of flow and concentration. If the flow is lost, the Pilates equipment begins banging around. The rider must marry their moves with their horse to avoid collapsing, twisting or bouncing in the saddle.

5. Precision!
Correct Pilates training requires an intense attention to detail that quickly becomes second nature. Adult students of Pilates find that their new mindfulness changes their daily posture and some have a measurable increase in stature. Better posture results in a more elegant ride.

6. Breathing!
Deep, controlled, cleansing breaths are part of the maximization of the Pilates moves. Deeper stretches, more elongated muscles and oxygenated blood means fewer cramps and tightening muscles while in and out of the saddle.

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Secrets To Keeping Your Car Looking Like New For 10 Years

Whether you are an auto professional or a DIY car enthusiast, the condition of the paint of your car is your utmost priority because we use a car polisher. Most personal finance experts would agree that keeping your vehicle for up to 10 years is a good economical decision. The economics of keeping a vehicle that long are overwhelmingly convincing. So why is it so rare to find someone who owns the same car that long? After all, today most cars will keep working long after a couple hundred thousand miles. So, why do people keep buying a new car when there is nothing wrong with the one they have? Peer pressure? Maybe it looks out of date? This might be true, especially when the new edition undergoes major styling changes. Maybe it is because people start worrying about the likelihood of a major mechanical problem.

We have found that if you can keep it looking new through a proven strategy it will be much more difficult to make that new car purchase. So what can be done to slow down the aging process? How can a car be used on a regular basis and not age. There is no one particular activity, but rather several things that contribute to a common goal. The following is a list of ways to keep the appearance of your car looking like new.

1. By far, the number one way to keep your vehicle looking like new is to KEEP IT IN THE GARAGE AT NIGHT. Most people think the damage results from the grueling midday heat and dust that bake the dirt into the paint and plastic, however, the most destructive time is at night, when the cool moisture condensates on the surface of the car. This is the source of the problem. We live in a basin here in Los Angeles which is packed with automobiles moving about all day. The exhaust, pollution and road grime, rise up into the atmosphere during the hot days and are suspended there until the cool sea air moves in and captures the pollution in the moisture that will condensate on the car. That morning dew sitting on the horizontal surfaces of the vehicle is a sulfur /acidy toxic cocktail of all the junk in our air. It eats into the paint, the trim around the doors, yellows headlights and destroys the rubber parts. No test lab can recreate that! The moisture is not horribly bad, but if this process is done every night for 5 to 8 years, it will take its toll on the exterior.

2. Keep the vehicle under an overhang at night. The next best thing to a garage would be to keep the vehicle from getting dew on it at night. Reread the reason in the paragraph above. The next best long term protection is the overhang. (Car covers are helpful when the vehicle will sit at the airport for 2 weeks or in your driveway for a week. As a daily defense, it is a good idea, but with time it is a hassle as well as too dirty to put on the car. )

3. Regular waxing. Regular waxing is every 3 to 4 months or every 5,000 miles. So by the time your vehicle has 20,000 miles on it, it should have 4 coats of wax. Waxing gives the car a micro thin layer of protection from the elements. As the vehicle gets older, the attention to the exterior should increase. Occasionally, the paint should be polished to restore clarity to the surface. Polishing the paint every 1 1/2 years or ever 15,000 miles will increase the life of the wax, and maintain the paint in top condition.

4. Regular washes on the exterior will keep the vehicle free of dust and contaminants. The longer dirt and dust sit on the paint, the more likely it will start to adhere to the surface.

5. Paint protection film by 3M is the best way to keep the paint rock chip free. By applying this film to the bumper and hood, it will defend the original vehicle paint from damage. This film is removable and does not have any long term effect to the paint. Conceivably, this film could be removed in 10 years after installation, and the paint would look like the day it came off the assembly line. Truly the best long term solution for the everyday driver.

6. Window tint. Protect the interior from fading and drying out with a lifetime warranty film. During the day, the vehicles interior is vulnerable to the harmful effects of the suns UV Rays. Window tint blocks out 100% of the ultraviolet rays. It also reduces the internal heat and cuts down on glare. With regular interior detailing and window tint, the interior will look like the day it was installed. Also, window tint improves the comfort of the passenger and drivers.

7. Biannual cleaning of the motor will ensure proper visibility of fluid levels. It can improve preventative maintenance inspection and keeps the motor running cooler. Furthermore, mechanics respect a clean motor and are more likely to clean up after themselves.

8. Periodic removal of small door dings and dents. The cost of keeping your doors “ding” free is really reasonable and the process of Paintless Dent Removal is non invasive. It is impossible to keep a daily driver from eventually getting a door ding, but the good news is that they can be messaged out and restored to its original position. No painting or bondo is necessary and the vehicle maintains its original factory paint.

9. Deep cleaning Detail. Every 1.5 to 2 years the vehicle should get a complete detail. Most people will wait until the vehicle is so bad, something has to be done. For a potted plant, that is the equivalence of waiting until the leaves are turning brown before it gets watered.

10. Achieving a like new vehicle after 10 years will require preemptive or preventive care. Scheduled detailing appointments over a 1 year time period will help to keep the vehicle on track. The paint job cannot remind you it needs waxing. So do not wait until you notice the car getting a little shabby before you act. Lastly, the mechanical part of the vehicle is just as important. We strongly recommend the adherence to all schedule mechanical maintenance.

Bill DeBever is the owner of Transhine, located in Whittier, California. For almost 30 years Bill has been using the latest automotive technology, such as window tinting, paint protection film, paintless dent removal, auto detailing,etc. to protect and preserve thousands of vehicles. Please visit his website to see how Bill can assist you with your vehicle.

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Why Would Anyone Become an Artist?

A storyboard artist film work begins at a critical phase of a production. The contemporary artist faces daunting odds of ever attaining large recognition or monetary success. This is just a fact of the world we live in. Art jobs do not, generally, pay high salaries, and the independent artist is almost guaranteed to suffer economic shortfalls. Even artists who are selling their work and gaining recognition tend to suffer. Society does not see the independent artist as worthy of great incomes. The artist is not considered as important as a doctor or lawyer or even a garbage worker. After all, garbage workers make comfortable professional level salaries. In our society, we pay individuals based upon the respect we have for them and the level of importance we attribute to their work. This means artists are not considered vital.

Of course this is not true of all artists. There will always be a handful of living artists for whom we attribute great value and respect along with financial rewards. These artists will be promoted by the institutions created for the exaltation of art, and their work will become a part of our social consciousness. It is not these artists that I am discussing, but rather the millions of independent artists, (musicians, writers, performers, painters, sculptures, etc.) who will live and die in anonymity.

So facing these odds, why on earth would anyone become an artist? If you are a parent and your child told you they wanted to be an artist, how would you react? Likely, you would say something to the affect that, while it is nice to make art, it is not a good career choice. You would probably gently encourage them to take some art courses, but stay focused on getting into law school. I can just hear these conversations taking place all over the world. A similar conversation took place between me and my parents when I told them I was going to major in art, so I speak from experience.

Yet, the very expensive art schools are full of students eager to take on art as a lifelong career. Every major university in America has an art department and art majors, as well as music departments, writing departments, and drama departments. Presumably, those students graduate and move on into the world as artists. At least for a time, for many of them do eventually succumb to the realities of our culture and take on more profitable professions. Still, they carry with them their art education, and I am certain that education supports their life choices and well being.

Art, you see, is a calling. It beckons one to follow it, and it does not know of the economic conditions of our time. Art knows only that it is irrevocably fixed to the human spirit. According to the philosopher Jean Luc Nancy, “beauty is the radiance of the true” (1.) In his essay, Nancy refers to art as the expression of beauty and hence the embodiment of the true. This truth, is the truth that Aristotle spoke of and is the essence of what is good and meaningful for humanity. It is what all humans should reach for in terms of their lives. This is why art calls to certain people, for it is a calling towards the radiance of the true, and it is essential to mankind.

Look back on the history of the human race and you will see this is so. The cave paintings at Lascaux were made between 15,000 – 13,000 BCE. Older cave paintings date back to 30,000 BCE. The paintings at Lascaux are huge and took many years to complete. Archeologists have discovered holes in the walls that they believe once held beams for scaffolding. They have also found old animal fat burning lamps and mixing bowels for pigments. All of which means these early artists required assistance. One artist would have had to have painted while others moved scaffolding, mixed pigments, kept the lamps burning, and gathered food. This is a lot of work considering the stark conditions of the time and the emphasis put on survival over culture. For some reason, these people felt that the making of art was as important as survival. They were willing to set aside precious energy and resources to engage in this activity of art making. There must have been some innate call within them to make these pictures, a need that went beyond the desire to decorate.

This is not the only time this has occurred. Again and again when humans find themselves in the worst conditions, they still manage to make art. During World War II art was made in the concentration camps and POW camps. Artists took bits of charcoal or a stub of pencil and created images. Some of them were made to document their suffering and others were made as a means of mental escape. These artists put themselves in terrible peril to make this art, and it took energy away from their strategies of survival.

One such artist was Benjamin Charles Steele (1917). Steele was stationed in the Philippines in WWII. He survived the Bataan death march as well as internment at Cabanatuan. (This was the largest POW camp on foreign soil; 9,000 people lived there; 3,000 Americans died there. The death rate was at 38%). Steele survived dysentery, pneumonia, blood poising, and forced labor. When assigned to the Tayabas Road Detail, Steele worked in the jungle without water or food and was the only one out of fifty people to survive. At some point, Steele began to make drawings of his fellow prisoners as an act of honor towards them. In her essay on Steele, author Penny Ronning states that “with no formal art training, Ben began to draw on whatever scraps of paper he could find images of what his eyes had seen and his mind worked overtime to process. These drawings were Ben’s way to honor his fallen comrades and record his experiences. At risk of death if discovered, Ben continued to pay tribute by secretly drawing the bravery of each soldier facing the most horrific of human cruelty. Sadly, all but two of Ben’s drawings were lost on a transport ship” (2)

Following Steele’s heroism, as well as the many other artists who have come before and after him, having been compelled to make art despite the circumstances; one must therefore, come to the conclusion that art is somehow linked to the most elemental parts of our humanity. It is linked in a way that goes deeper than societal conventions. It is rooted far down within our souls; down there with our instincts to survive, to procreate and to exist. It must be on the same level as the ant’s instinct to dig or the bee’s instinct to build honeycomb. The artist is compelled to examine his world and attempt to explain it through his unique vision and participation in life. As Carl Jung put it:

“Every creative person is a duality or a synthesis of contradictory aptitudes. On the one side he is a human being with a personal life, while on the other side he is an impersonal, creative process… The artist is not a person endowed with free will who seeks his own ends, but one who allows art to realize its purposes through him. As a human being he may have moods and a will and personal aims, but as an artist he is ‘man’ in a higher sense–he is ‘collective man’–one who carries and shapes the unconscious, psychic life of mankind. To perform this difficult office it is sometimes necessary for him to sacrifice happiness and everything that makes life worth living for the ordinary human being.” (3.)

So then, back to the initial question: why would anyone become an artist? Perhaps a better question might be, why would anyone choose not to become an artist? It is a wonderful calling that goes well beyond the artist’s ability to make money or fit easily within societal conventions of success. It is a vital component of being fully human.

1. (Jean Luc Nancy, Four Little Dialogues, p.112).
2. Penny Ronning: http://nonsilentmajority.typepad.com/the_nonsilent_majority/film/.
3. Carl Gustave Jung, Modern Man in Search of a Soul, 1933, Harvest Book, Harcourt, Brace & World, Inc., New York, 1961 paperback, pp. 168-171.

Bruce Black is a well known watercolor artist, author, and teacher. He has over twenty years of experience as a professional artist. Visit his website for more articles or to view and purchase works from his online gallery. Black lives and works in Phoenix Arizona.

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Indoor Cross Country Skiing

A cross-country skier in full flight can use up almost 1000 calories per hour during his/her heli skiing Canada. In terms of the effort required, the skills levels and the duration of some competitive races, there is little to compare with an international cross-country skiing event, and when combined with rifle shooting, as in the sport of biathlon, the demands become even more complex. But the sport does not have to be undertaken at such demanding levels. For people young and old, skiing through the snowy countryside at a relaxed pace provides beneficial levels of exercise, whilst at the same time introducing the participants to the spectacular scenery of the great outdoors.

The history of cross-country skiing is a long one, even having been recorded as a method of transport in prehistoric times. In Scandinavian countries they have documented use of the transport method as far back as the early 13th Century when it was used to track and hunt animals.

For the armed services, cross-country skiing is a fundamental part of basic training for any group that may have to operate in snow-covered terrain. As well as being a basic transport and survival technique it provides the environment for teamwork and physical exercise too. The sport is used so often in the disciplines of the armed services in so many countries, that the top athletes often hail from those groups. Another reason is that the training needs to be of such duration and usually in specific locations, that only the armed services have access to the facilities required to train and compete at the highest level.

Location is an important consideration for cross-country skiing, but the perceived requirement for picturesque, mountainous and wooded areas covered in fresh snow may be slightly misleading. Obviously in an ideal world anyone would choose to ski in locations that provide those kinds of conditions, but if they are not available, people can still ski. Unlike downhill skiing, cross-country skiing does not require any gradients, removing the need for it to be based in mountainous or hilly areas, nor does it need any infrastructure like lift systems, which again open up many more areas. For geographies without the benefit of regular snow, a variety of skiing called roller skiing is also an option. Here participants used skis fitted with wheels and are able to travel across grass and tarmac surfaces. Popular venues in the UK are around rowing lakes and in city parks where the terrain is often completely level and traffic free. As we will see later, indoor cross-country skiing is now also becoming a possibility.

Alongside marathon running, some of the world’s biggest mass-participation sports events are cross-country skiing races. In Norway, the annual Birkebeinerrennet, a popular 54 kilometer race, nearly always attracts a full field of 12,000 participants. The race has been held for the past sixty years and the rules require athletes to carry a back pack weighing 3.5 kg, simulating the weight of the small child who was heir to the Norwegian throne and had to be rescued in similar manner back in the 13th Century. The speed of the competitors has slowly increased over the years as technique and equipment has improved and in 2008 the winner completed the course in less than two and half hours. In Switzerland the 42km Engadin Ski Marathon also attracts 12,000 athletes, and Sweden’s equivalent race, the 90km Vasaloppet, held in the north west of the country during the first week of March, manages to attract a field of 15,000 skiers.

A new form of cross-country skiing is gaining in popularity with those less physically able. Skijoring is a derivative where the skier is assisted in forward motion by being pulled along behind a snowmobile or even by a small team of dogs.

Cross country skiing is even moving indoors now, with the development of technology that allows snow to be generated and maintained at temperatures low enough for it not to melt. In the UK, several snow centres have been built over recent years and, although they are primarily designed for downhill activities such as indoor skiing or indoor snowboarding, they can also be used as training venues for certain aspects of cross-country skiing. At The Snow Centre in Hemel Hempstead, one of the slopes is dedicated to cross-country ski training at certain times, when skiers can use the facilities to fine tune their climbing and descending technique.

Primarily in Finland, but also in Sweden and Germany, facilities called ski tunnels have also been built. In a similar way, these tunnels allow cross-country skiing on snow to be enjoyed all year round. In Germany, the DKB Skisporthalle in Oberdorf provides a track loop of almost 2 kilometers in length. In Torsby, Sweden the ski tunnel is 1.3 kilometers in length and claims to be the longest in the world. The world’s first ski tunnel was built at the Vuokatti Sports Institute, Finland in 1998.

With increased access to facilities and suitable locations, cross-country skiing may be set to increase in popularity as more people become aware of this enjoyable sport and its health benefits.

Sports writer Mark Bartley reports on the history of cross-country skiing and the trends seen today in the sport. Cross-country fans in UK can develop their indoor skiing skills at The Snow Centre, a recently opened indoor skiing complex near London.

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Reliable Electrician Melbourne

When you require any type of kind of electrical job performed in 24 hour electrician Brisbane, call us today. Our electricians are regional to you as well as have actually the skills required to provide electrical solutions to both domestic and commercial residential properties. We additionally give a full 24 hour 365 days a year emergency situation solution for those frightening events when your recurring circuit breaker trips and also will not allow you switch over anything on again.

Certainly, it’s possible that some homes still do not have a recurring breaker. If this is the instance with your house you need our electrician Brisbane to install one right away. Electrical security is vital, for the easy factor that ANY item of electrical devices could cause a fire resulting in a threat to life. A recurring circuit breaker changes off the present in a fraction of a second in the event of an electrical mistake. If you are not particular whether your residence has a recurring circuit breaker, call our electrician Brisbane into look for you

Need an emergency situation electrician at three in the morning?

Our electrician Brisbane has actually obtained you covered. When you have any type of electrical emergency situation, whether household or on industrial premises, we will certainly get to you quickly. It does not matter just what time of day or night it is– also if it’s Christmas Day– we get on telephone call at all times. It’s an excellent suggestion to do what several other Brisbane locals have actually done, which is to place our phone number in the directory of your mobile. By doing this, if the most awful happens, you will not need to begin browsing on Google in the center of the night searching for an electrician which is open. We are constantly open

Do you need a home safety and security setup in Brisbane?

If your house does not have an as much as day protection system you are throwing down the gauntlet in the 21st century. Regrettably, it is a fact of life nowadays that there are far also many individuals about that prefer to take to feed their medication behaviors, as well as it is evident that they wish to make life as very easy as feasible on their own

If your home does not have a safety and security system, while your neighbour has an evident alarm box, protection lights, and also a CCTV video camera (also if it is only a dummy one) which residence do you expect a thief will prefer to target?

Our electrician Brisbane can survey your residence as well as offer suggestions on the right kind of security installment, appraising the geography with each other with your budget. You will really feel much more secure with a proper safety setup when you know that your residence is no longer likely to be chosen as a target

Need to set up some yard lights?

There is bit much more refreshing compared to having the ability to have a barbecue and also relax after a tough day at the workplace, having a beverage or 2 with family and pals. Mounting garden illumination will certainly allow you to continue appreciating the outdoors on those warm evenings long after the sunlight has actually decreased, while your neighbour has had to pack up as well as return inside

The options for yard lights are virtually unlimited. You could have overhead illumination for your patio or deck, path illumination, limelights to brighten a much-loved tree or hedge, as well as far more. Our electrician Brisbane will certainly be happy to reveal you the various sorts of yard lights that will enhance your house and also he could mount it for you very rapidly.

Hot water heater accentuating?

You need an electrician Brisbane as well as a plumbing. However with us today you do not should call in two different firms. Our plumbing will look after all the pipes job and also our electrician Brisbane will look after the electrical setup. You could have whatever working the very same day to make sure that you could take that long-awaited shower at night.

Need an added power factor?

With all the electrical equipment and also gadgets that we have nowadays, a number of us locate ourselves wishing that we had an additional power point or 2 in a bedroom, kitchen, or perhaps in the garage if you are converting it into a home workplace. You want your laptop connected in, so does your companion, and so do the youngsters. Years back, the children went out to play with friends. Today they stay in and also play Call of Obligation and also Grand

Burglary Automobile

Our electrician Brisbane can mount a new power point for you anywhere around the residence, or in your workplace or service. It won’t take long, and also it will offer you that additional flexibility that you have been seeking. It additionally reduces down on tolerating loose wires tracking across the carpet.

Need to take care of a broken fuse?

A few of us are not really great when it pertains to repairing damaged integrates as well as dealing with plugs. That’s not a criticism, it’s just a truth. If you remain in that classification don’t attempt to fix it yourself. If you don’t get it right you could be leaving yourself open to significant threat of electrical shock or fire.

We would certainly far rather you employed our electrician Brisbane even if it is only an extremely tiny work. It’s better to be secure than sorry. The exact same thing applies if you require a light fitting changed. This is especially true if you are a senior citizen and wary of depending on a ladder aiming to deal with something on the ceiling.

Electric pot broken? Heavy steam iron not working?

Our electrician Brisbane can repair much of those little products around the home such as an electric kettle, a busted steam iron, or a vacuum cleanser that has actually stopped working. We do not do iPhones (yet) as that’s a completely various type of innovation: you’ll need to send that off to Apple. Yet we can repair many of the other electrical things in the office or home.

Simply give us a telephone call

Our electrician Brisbane can take on any type of type of electrical work around the office or home. Many individuals can replace a fuse or alter a plug, however if it is something a lot more challenging than that it is just unworthy the threat of aiming to do it on your own and getting it incorrect. Electricity threatens if something is not wired correctly, or when something endures deterioration.

Don’t take any type of dangers. Call us– we are the experts.

Best Dirt Motorcycle Boots – Motocross Boots For Racing and Dirt Biking

UGG boots outlet online can also be found in Australia. Motocross boots do more than just look cool when you are blasting around the trails or hitting up the jumps on the track. Motocross footwear needs to have more protection, soles that grip footpegs, absorb shock, and prevent your legs from hyper extension, much more than casual dirt biking boots. Motocross boots are more susceptible to rocks, debris, and as falls are a regularity in racing, they need to be tough enough to withstand heat and a couple of hundred pounds of machine possibly landing on them. With innovative designs and seriously impressive technology, the best motorcycle boots for Motocross Racing and Dirt Bike Riding need to perform effectively, becoming an extension of your feet and legs, while offering the best protection from injury.

Dirt Motorcycle boots still need to offer protection but for the average user they need to have good thermal protection and be more comfortable. Exhaust burns and shin protection from the serrated metal foot pegs are of most importance. By looking for the top name brands that have been in the moto business for many years, you will know you are buying into their reputation of producing top quality incredible MX boots.

Boots for Dirt Motorcycle Riding and MX Boots Features

Both types of footwear require some form of protection. From the extreme strong toe to heel stamped steel shank to specially formed heel areas which are designed not to let the rear of the foot be twisted which can cause serious injury, for example from a heavy landing or if the bike runs over you. There needs to be sufficient thermal protection to prevent exhaust or engine casing burns which can strip skin with only the briefest of touches.

So much research and design go into producing motorcycle footwear that finding the best one to suit your needs is simple. If you are generally a dirt bike rider who hits the trails and prefers comfort, there are many boots available. Look for comfort, design, protection, and maneuverability. If you are into motocross racing you need to look for all of the above; comfortable full length boots that are lightweight yet super study, offer the best protection and ventilation, have strong buckles, ability to grip foot pegs, steel inserts and sections that can be replaced due to heavy use and wear.

What Protection Do Motocross Boots Give You?

Motocross boots not only give you the freedom to move your feet and lower legs, but they also offer supreme protection from roost that is kicked up when riding. Your toes and shinbone, the tibia, are very easily broken, especially as dirt bikes are becoming faster, the tires dig into the dirt easier which can cause larger stones to be fired back at you. Your heels and inner foot need protection from kick starting backlash or if you should slip off the foot-peg. By saving your feet and ankles, you can enjoy longer riding times and have fewer injuries. Should you have an accident and damage the boots, replacement buckles, straps, and plates are available for most top brand MX boots and moto footwear. Dirt bike boots need to be breathable and comfortable. They also need very good protection but comfort is high on the list of importance.

Who Makes the Top Dirt Motorcycle Boots and Motocross Boots?

Several top quality name brands are available by companies that have been producing all types of motorcycling and two-wheeled racing footwear for many years. Motocross Boots made especially for racing which are usually lightweight, seriously sturdy in design and yet highly protective can be had for under five hundred. Dirt motorcycle boots for more casual riding are even less. You want to look for benefits and features that work for you especially if you race you might consider boots with superior buckles and protection from steel inserts and replaceable sections for the areas which are worn out quickly. Ones that utilize the latest technology to create an off road boot with an aggressive look, but at the same time being comfortable to wear and technically able to give the highest level of performance. Others made by a company based in Italy offer a Dual Stage Pivot System, front plate shin guard, gaiter, buckle system, grip guard, heel cup, toe box, and plush memory cell foam interior, all premium features suited for motocross racing.

A favorite of many racers and riders for MX boots are full-length dirt boots that have supreme comfort levels which include major protection and ventilation to allow the feet to breathe. They offer an extraordinary external structure and feature low profile design to minimize weight at the lower section of the boot and an upper design developed for controlled flexibility, streamlined profile, and superior grip against your bike. Innovative inner bootie provides the ultimate in support and safety. Therefore, the ones with more features are a bit higher priced than other.

MX boots are an essential part of full protective gear, every bit as important as your helmet for your head or neck and chest protectors. Invest in the best boots you can afford, top quality MX boots offers low cost insurance protection against possible injuries. Shopping for motocross gear and motocross boots has never been this easy once you know what to look for and where to get it.

For assistance locating what you need Motocross and ATV is a retail supplier and online motocross store with a wide selection of top quality motocross boots, clothing, apparel, accessories, motocross gear, ATV and dirt bike parts. Offering competitive prices and Fast Worldwide Shipping, whether you are a weekend warrior type dirt bike rider or an upcoming motocross racer, find everything you need at http://www.motocross-atv.com

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